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Associate Professor
Professor of Engineering
Associate Senior Title
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Zhang Manlian
  Associate Professor
Highest Education  
Subject Categories  
  Space Physics
Zip Code  
  No.19 Beitucheng West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China

Education and Appointments:
Manlian ZHANG

Educational Background:
Sept. 1984--July 1987 (MS degree) Institute of Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Majored in Geomagnetism and Aeronomy.
Sept. 1979--July 1984 (BS degree) Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China. Majored in Space Physics.

Professional Background:
June 2006--Now
Ionospheric research group, Division of Geomagnetism and Space Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Jan.
2000--June 2006
Ionospheric research group, Key Laboratory for Space Weather, Center for Space Sciences and Applied Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Feb. 1998--Dec. 1999
Department of Localization, EastWorld Co.Ltd., Beijing, China. Jan.
1990--Dec. 1997
Aeronomy and Radiopropagation Lab, the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics (ASICTP), Trieste, ITALY.
Oct. 1987---Dec. 1989
Institute of Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Research Interests:
Ionospheric variability study; Ionospheric modeling;
Ionospheric effects on satellite navigation and positioning; 
Public Services:


Supported Projects:
  1. Modeling the topside ionospheric electron density profile and integrated electron content based on the statistical analysis of the multi-source observations (NSFC No.41874186), 1.2019-12.2022.
  2. Statistical study and modeling of the plasmaspheric electron content (NSFC No.41274163), 1.2013-12.2016.
  3. Study of the polar energy precipitation process and its effects on the ionosphere at 120E median sector (NSFC No. 40890164), 1.2009-12.2012.
  4. Quantitative study on the ionospheric day-to-day variability over China area (NSFC No. 40774092), 1.2008-12.2010.

Selected Publication:
  1. Zhang, M.-L., L. Liu, W. Wan, B. Ning (2017), Comparison of the observed topside ionospheric and plasmaspheric electron content derived from the COSMIC podTEC measurements with the IRI_Plas model results. Adv. Space Res. 60 (2): 222-227.
  2. Zhao X., B. Ning, M.-L. Zhang, L. Hu (2017), Comparison of the ionospheric F2 peak height between ionosonde measurements and IRI2016 predictions over China, Adv. Space Res. 60 (7): 1524-1531.
  3. Zhang M L, Liu L B, Wan W X, Ning B Q (2016). Variation of the Plasmaspheric Electron Content Derived From the podTEC Observations of COSMIC LEO Satellites to GPS signals, Chinese J. Geophys. (in Chinese), 59(1):1-7, doi:10.6038/cjg20160101.
  4. Zhang M.-L., L. Liu, W. Wan, B. Ning (2014), An update global model of hmF2 from values estimated from ionosonde and COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 radio occultation, Adv. Space Res., 53: 395–402.
  5. Chong X Y, Zhang M L,Zhang S R,Wen J, Liu L B, Ning B Q, Wan W X (2013).An investigation on plasmaspheric electron content derived from ISR and GPS observations at MillstoneHill.Chinese J. Geophys.,(in Chinese),56(3):738-745,doi:10.6038/cjg20130303.
  6. Wan W X, Ding F, Ren Z P, Zhang M L, Liu L B and Ning B Q (2012), Modeling the global ionospheric total electron content with empirical orthogonal function analysis. Sci China Tech Sci,55:1161-1168, doi::10.1007/s11431-012-4823-8.
  7. Zhang, M.-L., Liu, C., Wan, W., Liu, L., Ning, B. (2010). Evaluation of Global Modeling of M(3000)F2 and hmF2 Based on Alternative Empirical Orthogonal Function Expansions. Adv. Space Res., 46:1024–1031.
  8. Wan W., J. Xiong, Z. Ren, L. Liu, M.-L. Zhang, F. Ding, B. Ning, B. Zhao, and X. Yue (2010), Correlation between the ionospheric WN4 signature and the upper atmospheric DE3 tide, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A11303, doi:10.1029/2010JA015527.
  9. Zhang, M. –L., C. Liu, W. Wan, L. Liu and B. Ning (2009), A global model of the ionospheric F2 peak height based on EOF analysis. Ann. Geophys., 27(8):3203–3212.
  10. Zhang, M. -L., W. Wan, L. Liu and B. Ning (2009), Variability Study of the Crest-To-Trough TEC Ratio of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Around 120°E Longitude. Adv. Space Res. , 43: 1762–1769.
  11. Liu, L., B. Zhao, W. Wan, B. Ning, M.-L. Zhang, and M. He (2009), Seasonal variations of the ionospheric electron densities retrieved from Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate mission radio occultation measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A02302, doi:10.1029/2008JA013819.
  12. Liu, L., W. Wan, B. Ning, and M.-L. Zhang (2009), Climatology of the mean total electron content derived from GPS global ionospheric maps, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A06308, doi:10.1029/2009JA014244.
  13. Liu C., M.-L. Zhang, W. Wan, L. Liu, B. Ning (2008). Modeling M(3000)F2 based on Empirical Orthogonal Function analysis method. Radio Science, 43, RS1003, doi: 10.1029/2007RS003694.
  14. Zhang, M.-L., W. Wan, L. Liu, J. K. Shi (2008). Variability of the behavior of the bottomside (B0, B1) parameters obtained from the ground-based ionograms at China’s low latitude station, Adv. Space Res., 42(4), 695-702. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2007.07.022.
  15. Liu, L., W. Wan, M.-L. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Ning (2008). Prestorm enhancements in NmF2 and total electron content at low latitudes, J. Geophys. Res.,113, A02311, doi:10.1029/2007JA012832.
  16. Wan W., L. Liu, X. Pi, M.-L. Zhang, B. Ning, J. Xiong, and F. Ding (2008). Wavenumber-4 patterns of the total electron content over the low latitude ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L12104, doi:10.1029/2008GL0337558.
  17. Liu L., W. Wan, M.-L. Zhang, and B. Zhao (2008). Case study on total electron content enhancements at low latitudes during low geomagnetic activities before the storms, Annales Geophysicae, 26(4), 893-903.
  18. Liu, L., M. He, W. Wan, and M.-L. Zhang (2008), Topside ionospheric scale heights retrieved from Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate radio occultation measurements, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A10304, doi:10.1029/2008JA013490.
  19. Gao Q,Liu L B,Zhao B Q,Wan W X, Zhang M L, Ning B Q (2008). Statistical study of the storm effects in middle and low latitude ionosphere in the East Asian sector. Chinese J. Geophys., (in Chinese), 51(3):626-634.2008,51(3),626-634.
  20. Zhang, M.-L., J.-K. Shi, X. Wang, S.-P. Shang and S.-Z. Wu (2007). Ionospheric behavior of the F2 peak parameters foF2 and hmF2 at Hainan and comparisons with IRI model predictions. Adv. Space Res., 39(5): 661-667, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2006.03.04.
  21. Liu, L., W. Wan, M.-L. Zhang, B. Ning, S.-R. Zhang and J. M. Holt (2007). Variations of topside ionospheric scale heights over Millstone Hill during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar experiment. Ann. Geophysicae, 25: 2019-2027.
  22. Liu, L., W. Wan, X. Yue, B. Zhao, B. Ning and M.-L. Zhang (2007). The dependence of plasma density in the topside ionosphere on solar activity level. Ann. Geophysicae, 25:1337-1343.
  23. Liu L., H. Le, W. Wan, M. P. Sulzer, J. Lei and M.-L. Zhang (2007). An analysis of the scale heights in the lower topside ionosphere based on the Arecibo incoherent scatter radar measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06307, doi:10.1029/2007JA012250.
  24. Liu L., B. Zhao, W. Wan, S. Venkartraman, M.-L. Zhang and X. Yue (2007). Yearly variations of global plasma densities in the topside ionosphere at middle and low latitudes. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A07303, doi:10.1029/ 2007JA012283.
  25. Zhang, M.-L., B. W. Reinisch, J.-K. Shi, S.-Z.Wu and X. Wang (2006). Diurnal and seasonal variation of the ionogram-derived scale height at the F2 peak. Adv. Space Res., 37: 967–971. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2006.02.004
  26. Zhang, M.-L., Sandro M. Radicella, Jian-Kui Shi, Xiao Wang, Shun-Zhi Wu (2006). Comparison among IRI, GPS-IGS and ionogram-derived total electron contents. Adv. Space Res., 37:972–977. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2005.01.113 .
  27. Zhang M L and Radicella S R (2005) Global ionospheric response to the geom agnetic storm event of April 6-7,2000 Chinese. J. Space Sci.,(in Chinese), 25(3):173-180.
  28. Gloria M. A., M.-L. Zhang and S. M. Radicella (2005). Ionogram inversion F1-layer treatment effect in raytracing. Annals of Geophysics, 48(3): 483-489.
  29. Leitinger, R., M.-L. Zhang and S. M. Radicella (2005). An improved bottomside for the ionospheric electron density model NeQuick. Annals of Geophysics, 48(3): 525-534.
  30. Wang X. Shi J K, Xiao Z., Zhang M L., Wu S Z(2005), Low latitude ionospheric plasma drift features in China, Chinese J. Radio Sci (in Chinese), 20(4):482-486.
  31. Shang S P, Shi J K, Guo J S, Luo X G, Kintner P M,Zhen W M, WU S Z, Zhang M L, Wang X (2005), Ionospheric scintillation monitoring and prelim inary statistic analysis over Hainan region.Chin.J.Space Sci (in Chinese), 25(1): 23-28.
  32. Zhang, M. L., S. M. Radicella and S. P. Shang (2004). A Physical Numerical Ionospheric Model and Its Simulation Results. Communications in Theoretical Phys., 41(5): 795-800.
  33. Zhang, M. L., J. K. Shi, X. Wang and S. M. Radicella (2004). Ionospheric variability at low latitude station: Hainan, China. Adv. Space Res., 34(9): 1860-1868. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2004.04.005.
  34. Zhang, M. L., J. K. Shi, X. Wang, S. Z. Wu, and S. R. Zhang (2004). Comparative Study of Ionospheric Characteristic Parameters Obtained By DPS-4 Digisonde with IRI2000 For Low Latitude Station In China. Adv. Space Res., 33(6): 869-873. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2003.07.013.
  35. Zhang, M.-L., J.-K. Shi, S.-P. Shang (2004). A simulation study on the role of the vibrationally excited nitrogen N2* in the Ionosphere. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 47(4): 652-659).
  36. Wang X., Shi J K, Xiao Z, Zhang M L, Wu S Z(2004), Primary Results on Drift Features of Ionosphere in Hainan Region, Sci. Tech. Engng (in Chinese),4(6):451-454.
  37. Reinisch, B., X. Huang, A. Belehaki, J.K. Shi, M. L. Zhang, R. Ilma (2004). Modeling the IRI topside profile using scale heights from ground-based ionosonde measurements. Adv. Space Res., 34(9): 2026-2031.
  38. Shi J., K., Z. X. Liu, T. L. Zhang, J. S. Guo, M. L. Zhang, S. P. Shang and X. G. Luo (2003). Distribution of ionospheric O+ ion in synchronous altitude region. Science in China Series D,46 (10): 986-993.
  39. Guo, J. S, S. P. Shang, J. K. Shi, M. L. Zhang, X. G. Luo, H. Zheng (2003). Optimal assimilation for ionospheric weather – Theoretical aspect,Space Sci. Rev., 107(1-2): 229-250.
  40. Shang S. P., J. S. Guo, J. K. Shi, M. L. Zhang, Q. J. Liu, X. G. Luo (2003). Morphologies of Global Ionospheric Disturbances During Geomagnetic Disturbance Events of Different Type, Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 46(1): 1-10.)
  41. Zhang, M. L., S. M. Radicella, L. Kersley, and S. A. Pulinets (2002), Results of the Modeling of the Topside Electron Density Profile Using the Chapman and Epstein Functions, Adv. Space Res., Vol.29, No.6, 871-876. doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(02)00053-4
  42. Zhang M L, Shang S P, Guo J S, Luo X G (2001),The Global Ionospheric Response To The Geomagnetic Storm Event During May 1998, Chinese J. Space Sci (in Chinese), 21(2): 131-140.
No. 19, Beitucheng Xilu, Chaoyang District, 100029, Beijing, PR China
Tel:010-82998001 Fax:010-62010846