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Hao Qingzhen
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  haoqz (at)
  No.19 Beitucheng West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China

Education and Appointments:

Dr. HAO Qingzhen,
Professor in Cenozoic Geology and Environment.Deputy Head of the Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science.

PhD, Geology (Quaternary Geology), Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2001
MSc, Geography (Physical Geography), Institute of Desert Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 1998
BSc, Geology (Geology), Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 1995

Professional Positions

  • Professor, Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, 01.2013-present
  • Associate Professor, Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, 01.2006-12.2012
  • Assistant Professor, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 09.2001-12.2005.
  • Visiting Scholar of the Geomagnetism Laboratory, the University of Liverpool, UK, 03.2012-09.2012.
  • Research fellow funded by Royal Society KC Wong Fellowship, Laboratory of Environmental Magnetism, Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, UK, 12.2006-12.2007.

Editorial Service

  • 2019-present: Editor, Quaternary International.
  • 2019-present: Member of the Editorial Board, Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition).
  • 2016-2017: Guest Editor, Science Bulletin.
  • Guest editor:
    • S. Markovic, Q. Hao, Special issue of Quaternary Research, entitled "Eurasian Climate and Environmental Dynamics and Interaction with Humans", 2021, in progress.
    • Q. Hao, C. Zeeden, P. Moska, N. Tomic, Special issue of Quaternary International, entitled "Loess2M - Modelling and Mapping", 2019, 502 (Part A),1-178.
    • X. Liu, Q. Hao, J. Tian, Special issue of Quaternary Science, entitled "Orbital-Scale Climate Changes: data-model Comparison", 2015, 35(6), 1297-1536 (In Chinese).
    • Q. Hao, J. Tian, Special issue of Quaternary Science, entitled "Marine and Continental Climate Comparison", 2015, 35(6), 1297-1536 (In Chinese).

Research Interests:
My research is concerned primarily with the stratigraphy and paleoenvironmental implications of late Cenozoic aeolian deposits through multiple approaches including magnetostratigraphy, environmental magnetism, and routine physicochemical measurements. I have been involved in the investigation of chronology, distribution and paleogeography setting for Miocene and Pliocene aeolian deposits in western Chinese Loess Plateau since 1998 and of magnetostratigraphy for the Pleistocene aeolian deposits in southern China. Currently my interests lie on (1) The linkage of Eurasian loess with the high-northern-latitude climate, and environmental history during the astronomical analogues for the present interglacial; (2) The provenance identification of loess in southern China and the glacial condition in northern subtropical China; (3) the long-term changes in the magnetic minerals in the late Cenozoic aeolian deposits.
Public Services:


Supported Projects:
  1. Co-Investigator, NSFC Basic Research Center Program (grant # 41888101), Continental Evolution and Earth’s monsoon System, 01.2019-12.2023.
  2. Principal Investigator, NSFC National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (grant # 41625010), Quaternary Geology, 01.2017.01-12.2021.
  3. Principal Investigator, MOST Key program for intergovernmental D&R (grant #2017YFE0112800), Comparative study of past climate changes at multi-timescale in East Asian monsoon region and Westerly zone, 07.2018-06.2021.
  4. Principal Investigator, Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (B) (grant # XDB26020200), 08.2018-07.2023.
  5. Principal Investigator, NSFC grant #41172323,"The dust provenance of Xiashu Loess in the drainage area of Huai River-lower reach of Yangtze River and the climate implication",01.2012-12.2015.
    Co-Investigator, Ministry of Land and Resources, Grant #201211077,"The difference and mechanism of paleoclimate in subzone of the Asian monsoon region over China.",01.2012-12.2015.
  6. Principal Investigator, NSFC grant #40672115,″The Pliocene eolian sequences and the environment changes in the western Loess Plateau″,01.2007-12.2009.
  7. Co-Investigator, Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Grant # kzcx2-yw-117, ″Interaction between high-latitude and low-latitude processes recorded by late Cenozoic eolian deposits in northern China″, 01.2007-12.2009.
  8. Principal Investigator, National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) grant #40202033, ″The pedogenic character of paleosols in Happarion Red-Earth Formation in northern China and its paleoclimatic implications″,01.2003-12.2005.

Research ID
  1. Gao Xinbo, Hao Qingzhen*, Ge Junyi, Han Long, Fu Yu, Wu Xuechao, Deng Chenglong, Marković Slobodan B, Guo Zhengtang (2021). Paleowind directions from the magnetic fabric of loess deposits in the western Chinese Loess Plateau and implications for dust provenance. Quaternary Research, in press.
  2. Jiang Qida, Hao Qingzhen*, Peng Shuzhen, Qiao Yansong (2020). Grain-size evidence for the transport pathway of the Xiashu loess in northern subtropical China and its linkage with fluvial systems. Aeolian Research, 46, 100613.
  3. Han Long, Hao Qingzhen*, Qiao Yansong, Wang Luo, Peng Shuzhen, Li Nan, Gao Xinbo, Fu Yu, Xu Bin, Gu Zhaoyan, 2019. Geochemical evidence for provenance diversity of loess in southern China and its implications for glacial aridification of the northern subtropical region. Quaternary Science Reviews, 212: 149-163.
  4. Hao, Q.*, Zeeden, C., Moska, P., Tomic, N., 2019. Loess2M - Modelling and Mapping. Quaternary International, 502, 1–3.
  5. Gao X B, Hao Q Z*, Oldfield F, Bloemendal J, Deng C L, Wang L, Song Y, Ge J Y, Wu H B, Xu B, Li F J, Han L, Fu Y, Guo Z T., 2019. New high-temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility-based climofunction for quantifying paleoprecipitation from Chinese loess. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 4273-4291.
  6. Gao Xinbo, Hao Qingzhen*, Wang Luo, Oldfield Frank, Bloemendal Jan, Deng Chenglong, Song Yang, Ge Junyi, Wu Haibin, Xu Bing, Li Fengjiang, Han Long, Fu Yu, Guo Zhengtang, 2018. The different climatic response of pedogenic hematite and ferrimagnetic minerals: Evidence from particle-sized modern soils over the Chinese Loess Plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews, 179: 69–86.
  7. Li Xinling, Hao Qingzhen*, Wei Mingjian*, Andreev Andrei A.*, Wang Junping, Tian Yanyan, Li Xiaolei, Cai Maotang, Hu Jianmin, Shi Wei, 2017. Phased uplift of northeastern Tibetan Plateau inferred from the pollen record of Yinchuan Basin, northwestern China. Scientific Reports, 7:
  8. Peng Shuzhen, Hao Qingzhen*, Wang Luo, Ding Min, Zhang Wei, Wang Yanan, Guo Zhengtang, 2016. Geochemical and grain-size evidence for the provenance of loess deposits in the Central Shandong Mountains region, northern China. Quaternary Research, 85: 290–298.
  9. Hao Qingzhen*, Wang Luo*, Oldfield Frank, Guo Zhengtang, 2015. Extra-long interglacial in Northern Hemisphere during MISs 15-13 arising from limited extent of Arctic ice sheets in glacial MIS 14. Scientific Reports, 5: 12103,
  10. Song Yang, Hao Qingzhen*, Ge Junyi, Zhao De’ai, Zhang Yan, Li Qin, Zuo Xinxin, Lü Yanwu, Wang Pan, 2014. Quantitative relationships between magnetic enhancement of modern soils and climatic variables over the Chinese Loess Plateau. Quaternary International, 334–335, 119–131,
  11. Hao Qingzhen*, Wang Luo, Oldfield Frank*, Peng Shuzhen, Qin Li, Song Yang, Xu Bing, Qiao Yansong, Bloemendal Jan, Guo Zhengtang, 2012.Delayed build-up of Arctic ice sheets during 400,000-year minima in insolation variability. Nature, 490, 393-396, [Data], [Supplementary Information]
  12. Hao Qingzhen, Oldfield Frank*, Bloemendal Jan, Guo Zhengtang, 2012. Hysteresis and thermomagnetic properties of particle-sized fractions from loess and palaeosol samples spanning 22 Myr of accumulation on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Geophysical Journal International, 2012, 191, 64–77, [PDF]
  13. Hao, Q.*, Guo, Z., Qiao, Y., Xu, B., and Oldfield, F., 2010.Geochemical evidence for the provenance of Middle Pleistocene loess deposits in southern China Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(23-24), 3317-3326,doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.08.004. [PDF]
  14. Hao, Q., Oldfield, F.*, Bloemendal, J., Torrent, J., and Guo, Z., 2009. The record of changing Hematite and Goethite deposition over the last 22Ma on the Chinese Loess Plateau from magnetic measurements and Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114,B12101, doi:10.1029/2009JB006604. [PDF]
  15. Hao, Q., Oldfield, F.*, Bloemendal, J. and Guo, Z., 2008. Particle size separation and evidence for pedogenesis in samples from the Chinese Loess Plateau spanning the last 22 Ma. Geology, 36(9), 727–730, doi: 10.1130/G24940A.1. [PDF]
  16. Hao, Q., Oldfield, F.*, Bloemendal, J. and Guo, Z., 2008. The magnetic properties of loess and paleosol samples from the Chinese Loess Plateau spanning the last 22 million years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 260, 389–404. [PDF]
  17. Hao, Q. and Guo, Z.*, 2007. Magnetostratigraphy of an early-middle Miocene loess-soil sequence in the western Loess Plateau of China. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L18305, doi:10.1029/2007GL031162. [PDF]
  18. Hao, Q. and Guo, Z.*, 2005. Spatial variations of magnetic susceptibility of Chinese loess for the last 600 ka: Implications for monsoon evolution. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, B12101, doi: 10.1029/2005JB003765. [PDF]
  19. Hao, Q. and Guo Z.*, 2004. Magnetostratigraphy of a late Miocene-Pliocene loess-soil sequence in the western Loess Plateau in China. Geophysical Research Letters, 31: L092099, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019392. [PDF]
  20. Hao, Q. and Guo, Z.*, 2001. Quantitative measurements on the paleo-weathering intensity of the loess-soil sequences and the implication on paleomonsoon. Science in China, Ser. D., 44(6), 566–576.
  21. Tomic Nemanja, Sepehriannasab Babak, Markovic Slobodan B, Hao Qingzhen, Lobo Heros Augusto Santos (2021). Exploring the Preferences of Iranian Geotourists: Case Study of Shadows Canyon and Canyon of Jinns. Sustainability, 13(2), 798–18.
  22. Gao Xinbo, Ou Jian*, Guo Shengqiao, Ji Wenting, Li Xianqian, Deng Chenglong*, Hao Qingzhen, Guo Zhengtant (2020). Sedimentary history of the coastal plain of the south Yellow Sea since 5.1 Ma constrained by high-resolution magnetostratigraphy of onshore borehole core GZK01. Quaternary Science Reviews, 239, 106355.
  23. Zhang Yueting, Wu Naiqin*, Li Fengjing, Hao Qingzhen, Dong Yajie, Zhang Dan, Lu Huayuan (2020). Eco-environmental changes in the Chinese Loess Plateau during low-eccentricity interglacial Marine Isotope Stage 19. Science China Earth Sciences, 63(9), 1408–1421.
  24. Scheidt, S., Hambach, U., Hao, Q., Rolf, C., Wennrich, V., 2020. Environmental signals of Pliocene-Pleistocene climatic changes in Central Europe: Insights from the mineral magnetic record of the Heidelberg Basin sedimentary infill (Germany). Global and Planetary Change, 2020, 187,
  25. Gavrilov, M. B., An, W., Xu, C., Radakovic, M. G., Hao, Q., Yang, F., Guo, Z., Peri?, Z., Gavrilov, G., Markovi?, S.B., 2019. Independent Aridity and Drought Pieces of Evidence Based on Meteorological Data and Tree Ring Data in Southeast Banat, Vojvodina, Serbia. Atmosphere, 10, 586;
  26. Sümegi, P., Gulyás, S., Molnár, D., Sümegi, B.P., Torocsik, T., Almond, P.C., Smalley, I., Zhou, L., Galovic, L., Pál-Molnár, E., Hao, Q., Molnár, M., Koloszar, L., 2019. Periodicities of paleoclimate variations in the first high-resolution non-orbitally tuned grain size record of the past 1? Ma from SW Hungary and regional, global correlations. Aeolian Research, 40, 74–90.
  27. Deng Chenglong, Hao Qingzhen, Guo Zhengtang, Zhu Rixiang, 2019. Quaternary integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China. Science China Earth Sciences, 62(1): 324-348.
  28. He, Z., Guo, Z., Yang, F., Sayem, A. S. M., Wu, H., Zhang, C., Hao, Q., Xiao, G., Han, L., Fu, Yang., 2019. Provenance of Cenozoic Sediments in the Xining Basin Revealed by Nd and Pb Isotopic Evidence: Implications for Tectonic Uplift of the NE Tibetan Plateau. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20(10), 4531–4544.
  29. Hu, B., Zhang, C., Wu, H., Hao, Q., Guo, Z., 2019. Clay mineralogy of an Eocene fluvial-lacustrine sequence in Xining Basin, Northwest China, and its paleoclimatic implications. Sci. China Earth Sci., 62, 571–584.
  30. Xu, B., Gu, Z., Wang, L., Hao, Q., Wang, H., Chu, G., Lü, Y., Jiang, D., 2019. Global Warming Increases the Incidence of Haze Days in China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(12), 6180–6190.
  31. Zhang Junjie, Li Sheng-Hua, Sun Jimin, Hao Qingzhen, 2018. Fake age hiatus in a loess section revealed by OSL dating of calcrete nodules. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,
  32. Zeeden, C., Hambach, U., Obreht, I., Hao, Q., Abels, H.A., Veres, D., Lehmkuhl, F., Gavrilov, M.B., Markovic, S.B., 2018. Patterns and timing of loess-paleosol transitions in Eurasia: Constraints for paleoclimate studies. Global and Planetary Change,
  33. Sümegi, P., Gulyás, S., Molnár, D., Sümegia, B.P., Almond, P.C., Vandenberghe, J., Zhou, L., Pál-Molnár, E., Torocsika, T., Hao, Q., et al., New chronology of the best developed loess/paleosol sequence of Hungary capturing the past 1.1 ma: Implications for correlation and proposed pan-Eurasian stratigraphic schemes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 191, 144–166.
  34. Markovic, S. B., Stevens, T., Mason, J., Vandenberghe, J., Yang, S., Veres, D., újvári, G., Timar-Gabor, A., Zeeden, C., Guo, Z., Hao, Q., et al., 2018. Loess correlations – Between myth and reality. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 509, 4–23.
  35. Schaetzl, R. J., Bettis, E. A., Crouvi, O., Fitzsimmons, K. E., Grimley, D. A., Hambach, U., Lehmkuhl, F., Markovic, S. B., Mason, J. A., Owczarek, P., Roberts, H. M., Rousseau, D., Stevens, T., Vandenberghe, J., Zárate, M., Veres, D., Yang, S., Zech, M., Conroy, J. L., Dave, A. K., Faust, D., Hao, Q., et al., 2018. Approaches and challenges to the study of loess—Introduction to the LoessFest Special Issue. Quaternary Research, 89(3): 563–618.
  36. Song Yang, Guo Zhengtang, Markovic Slobodan, Hambach Ulrich, Deng Chenglong, Chang Lin, Wu Jianyu, Hao Qingzhen, 2018. Magnetic stratigraphy of the Danube loess: a composite Titel-Stari Slankamen loess section over the last one million years in Vojvodina, Serbia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,
  37. Wang, L., Jiang, W. Y., Jiang, D. B., Zou, Y. F., Liu, Y. Y., Zhang, E. L., Hao, Q. Z., Zhang, D. G., Zhang, D. T., Peng, Z. Y., Xu , B., Yang, X. D., Lu, H. Y., 2018, Prolonged Heavy Snowfall During the Younger Dryas. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,
  38. Xu Bing, Wang Luo, Gu Zhaoyan, Hao Qingzhen, Wang Haizhi, Chu Guoqiang, Jiang Dabang, Liu Qiang, Qin Xiaoguang, 2018, Decoupling of Climatic Drying and Asian Dust Export During the Holocene. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(2): 915–928.
  39. Timar-Gabor, A., Buylaert, J-P., Guralnik, B., Trandafir-Antohi, O., Constantin, D., Anechitei-Deacu, V., Jain, M., Murray, A.S. , Porat, N., Hao, Q., Wintle, A.G. 2017. On the importance of grain size in luminescence dating using quartz. Radiation Measurements, 106: 464–471.
  40. Xu Bing, Gu Zhaoyan, Qin Xiaoguang, Wu Yong, Mu Guijin, Jiao Yingxin, Zhang Lei, Hao Qingzhen, Wang Luo, Wei Dong, Liu Jiaqi, 2017. Radiocarbon dating the ancient city of Loulan. Radiocarbon, 59(4): 1215–1226.
  41. Zhou Xin, Sun Liguang, Zhan Tao, Huang Wen, Zhou Xinying, Hao Qingzhen, Wang Yuhong, He Xiaoqing, Zhao Chao, Zhang Jun, Qiao Yansong, Ge Junyi, Yan Pei, Yan Qing, Shao Da, Chu Zhuding, Yang Wenqing, Smol, John P. 2016, Time-transgressive onset of the Holocene Optimum. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 456: 39–46.
  42. Markovic S. B., Stevens T., Kukla G.J., Hambach U., Fitzsimmons K. E., Gibbard P., Buggle B., Zech M., Guo Z., Hao Q., et al., 2015. Danube loess stratigraphy — Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model. Earth-Science Reviews,148: 228–258.
  43. Chen Yiwei, Li Sheng-Hua, Li Bo, Hao Qinzhen, Sun Jimin, 2015. Maximum age limitation in luminescence dating of Chinese loess using the multiple-aliquot MET-pIRIR signals from K-feldspar. Quaternary Geochronology, 30(Part B): 207–212.
  44. Zhang C.X., G.Q.Xiao,Z.T. Guo, H.B.Wu and Q.Z.Hao, 2015, Evidence of late early Miocene aridification intensification in the Xining Basin caused by the northeastern Tibetan Plateau uplift. Global and Planerary Change,128:31-46.
  45. Peng Shuzhen, Hao Qingzhen, Oldfield Frank, Guo Zhengtang, 2014. Release of iron from chlorite weathering and links to magnetic enhancement in Chinese loess deposits. Catena, 117, 43–49.
  46. Wang, L., Li, J., Lu, H., Gu, Z., Rioual, P., Hao, Q., Mackay, A., Jiang, W., Cai, B., Xu, B., Han, J., Chu, G., 2012, The East Asian winter monsoon over the last 15,000 years: its links to high-latitudes and tropical climate systems and complex correlation to the summer monsoon. Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.11.003
  47. Xu Bing, Gu Zhaoyan, Wang Chengyuan, Hao Qingzhen, Han Jingtai, Liu Qiang, Wang Luo, Lu Yanwu, 2012. Carbon isotopic evidence for the associations of decreasing atmospheric CO2 level with the Frasnian-Famennian mass extinction. J. Geophys. Res., G01032, doi:10.1029/2011JG001847.
  48. Xiao, G., Guo, Z., Dupont-Nivet, G., Lu, H., Wu, N., Ge, J., Hao, Q., Peng, S., Li, F., Abels, H., Zhang, K., 2012, Evidence for northeastern Tibetan Plateau uplift between 25 and 20 Ma in the sedimentary archive of the Xining Basin, Northwestern China. Earth and Planetary Letters, 317/318:185–195.
  49. Yi Liang, Yu Hongjun, Ortiz Joseph D., Xu Xingyong, Chen Shenliang, Ge Junyi, Hao Qingzhen, Yao Jing, Shi Xuefa, Peng Shuzhen, 2012, Late Quaternary linkage of sedimentary records to three astronomical rhythms and the Asian monsoon, inferred from a coastal borehole in the south Bohai Sea, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 329/330: 101–117.
  50. Qiao, Y., Hao, Q., Peng, S., Wang, Y., Li, J., Liu, Z., 2011, Geochemical characteristics of the eolian deposits in southern China, and their implications for provenance and weathering intensity. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 308, 513–523.
  51. Xu, B., Gu, Z., Han, J., Hao, Q., Lu, Y., Wang, L., Wu, N., Pei, Y., 2011, Radiocarbon age anomalies of land snail shells in the Chinese Loess Plateau. Quaternary Geochronology, 6, 383-389.
  52. Oldfield, F. Hao, Q. Bloemendal, J. Gibbs-Eggar, Z.Patil, S., and Guo, Z., 2009. Links between particle size and magnetic grain size: general observations and some implications for Chinese loess studies. Sedimentology, 56, 2091-2106, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2009.01071.x.
  53. Guo, Z.T., Sun, B., Zhang, Z.S., Peng, S.Z., Xiao, G.Q., Ge, J.Y., Hao, Q.Z., Qiao, Y.S., Liang, M.Y., Liu, J.Q., Yin, Q.Z. and Wei, J.J., 2008. A major reorganization of Asian climate by the early Miocene. Climate of the Past, 4, 153–174.
  54. Li, F.J., Wu, N.Q., Pei, Y.P., Hao, Q.Z., Rousseau, D., 2006. Wind-blown origin of Dongwan late Miocene-Pliocene dust sequence documented by land snail record in western Chinese Loess Plateau. Geology, 34, 405–408, doi: 10.1130/G22232.1
  55. Qiao, Y.S., Guo, Z.T, Hao, Q.Z., Yin, Q.Z., Yuan, B.Y. and Liu, T.S., 2006. Grain-size features of a Miocene loess-soil sequence at Qinan: Inplications on its origin. Science in China, Series D, 49(7), 731–738.
  56. Liu Jinfeng, Guo Zhengtang, Qiao Yansong, Hao Qingzhen, Yuan Baoyin, 2006. Eolian origin of the Miocene loess-soil sequence at Qin’an, China: evidence of quartz morphology and quartz grain-size. Chinese Science Bulletin, 51(1), 117–120.
  57. Guo, Z.T., Peng, S.Z., Hao, Q.Z., Biscaye, P. E., An, Z.S. and Liu, T.S., 2004. Late Miocene-Pliocene development of Asian aridification as recorded in an eolian sequence in northern China. Global and Planetary Changes, 41(3-4): 135–145.
  58. Qiao Yansong, Guo Zhengtang, Hao Qingzhen, Wu Wenxiang, Jiang Wenying, Yuan Baoyin, Zhang Zhongshi, Wei Jianjing and Zhao Hua, 2003, Loess-soil sequences in southern AnhuiProvince: magnetostratigraphy and paleoclimatic significance. Chinese Science Bulletin, 48(9): 2088–2093.
  59. Guo, Z.T., Ruddiman, W. F., Hao, Q.Z., Wu, H.B., Qiao, Y.S., Zhu, R.X., Peng, S.Z, Wei, J. J., Yuan, B.Y., Liu, T.S, 2002. Onset of Asian desertification by 22 Myr ago inferred from loess deposits in China. Nature, 416, 159–163.
  60. Jiang, W.Y., Peng, S.Z., Hao, Q,Z. and Liu, T.S., 2002. Carbon isotopic records in paleosols over the Pliocene in Northern China: implication on vegetation development and Tibetan uplift. Chinese Science Bulletin, 47(8), 687-690.
  61. Guo, Z.T., Peng, S.Z., Hao, Q.Z., Biscaye, P.E., Liu, T.S., 2001. Origin of the Miocene-Pliocene red-earth formation at Xifeng in Northern China and implications for paleoenvironments. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 170, 11–26.
  62. Zou, X.Y., Wang, Z.L., Hao, Q.Z., Zhang, C.L., Liu, Y.Z. and Dong, G.R., 2001. The Distribution of velocity and energy of saltating sand grains in a wind tunnel. Geomorphology, 36, 155–165.
  63. Zou Xueyong, Hao Qingzhen, Zhang Chunlai et al., 1999. The trajectory parameters analysis of saltating sand grains driven by wind. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1999, 44(18): 1681–1685.
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