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Pang Zhonghe
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  Institute of Geology & Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences No. 19 Beitucheng West Road, Chaoyang District Beijing 100029 P. R. China

Education and Appointments:

Professor PANG Zhonghe has carried out research on water cycle and water-rock interaction processes in different geological environments, from shallow to deep and local to basin-scale. He has served as principal scientific investigator and took led in completing many research projects supported by national and international funding sources, including the CAS, CGS (China Geological Survey), NSFC (National Science Foundation of China), IAEA and MOST (Ministry of Science and Technology) as well as SINOPEC. He has taught isotope hydrology at postgraduate level at University of Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing for many years and has supervised many Ph.D. students on various subjects, from groundwater pollution to geological sequestration of CO2. He has edited 5 books/proceedings and written over 120 peer-reviewed articles in international/domestic journals. He has been a member of editorial boards of international journals such as Hydrogeology Journal, Geothermics and Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology. He has been involved in the study of global water issues in different continents in particular through his two terms of service, during 1997-2005, with the Water Resources Program of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna. As a Chinese scientist with international recognition, he has served as Board Member for a number of international scientific societies.


  • 1978 - 1982  BSc in Hydrogeology, Nanjing University, China
  • 1982 - 1984  MSc in Hydrogeology, Nanjing University, China
  • 1985 - 1988  PhD in Structural Geology (geothermics), University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
  • 1988          United Nations University Geothermal Training Program, Iceland
  • 1991          Advanced Training on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, University of Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1994          IAEA Fellowship on Isotope Hydrology, University of Paris-Sud, France,
  • 1995          CAS Visiting Scholar, University of Oregon, USA


  • 2012-now,  Program Leader, Hydrogeological Processes and Probing, IGGCAS
  • 2007-now,  Head, Laboratory for Water Isotopes and Water-Rock Interaction, IGGCAS
  • 2000-2005,  Isotope Hydrologist, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna
  • 1997-1999,  Isotope Geochemist, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna
  • 1995-1999,  Head, Laboratory for Geothermics, IGGCAS
  • 1995-1999,  Professor of Geothermics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGGCAS)


  • 2012-now,  Vice President, Commission on Tracers, International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS)
  • 2010-now,  Board of Directors, Treasurer & Chairman of Research Committee, International Geothermal Association (IGA)
  • 2009-now,  Chairman, Commission on Geothermal Research and Applications, Chinese Geophysical Society
  • 2008-2012,  Council Member, International Association of Geochemistry (IAGC)
  • 2007-now,  Chairman, Commission on Isotope Hydrology, IAHS China Chapter
  • 2006-now,  Vice Chairman, National Committee on Groundwater Science and Engineering, Chinese Hydrological Society
  • 2005-now,  Vice Chairman, Commission on Geothermal Energy, Chinese Energy Research Society
  • 2005-now,  Academic Board, the State Key Lab on Environmental Geochemistry
  • 2005-now,  Academic Board, the Key Lab on ecology and bio-resources in Poyang Lake, Ministry of Education
  • 1999-now,  Commission on Thermal and Mineral Waters, International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH),
  • 1999-2000,  Councilor, Stable Isotope Branch, Chinese Nuclear Society


  • 2013-now,  Associate editor, Hydrogeology Journal
  • 2013-now,  Editor Board, Chinese Geological Science Journal
  • 2013-now,  Associate Editor, Geological Reviews
  • 2012-now,  Editorial Board, Frontiers in Geosciences
  • 2011-now,  Member of journal’s advisory board, Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology
  • 2003-2006,  Editorial Board, Geothermics
  • 2003-now,  Editorial Committee, Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology Journal (in Chinese)


  • 2009-now,  Guest Professor, Chinese University of Petroleum (East China)
  • 2006-now,  Guest Professor, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Research Interests:
1) Isotope hydrology and water cycle changes under the impacts of climate change and human activities
2) Water chemistry and water-Rock-Gas interactions in groundwater and geothermal systems
3) Dynamics of coupled geo-temperature field, fluid flow and reaction processes
Public Services:

  • Land & Resources Innovations Award,2014,Jiangsu Provincial Government
  • Geological Survey Achievements Award,2014,China Geological Survey
  • Certificate of Recognition for Outstanding Services, 2013, IAGC,
  • Friend of Water-Rock Interactions, 2007, IAGC, Water-Rock Interaction
  • Dayu Hydrological Science Award, 2007, Chinese Hydrological Society
  • Nobel Foundation, Nobel peace prize 2005 (shared as a staff member of the IAEA), 2005
  • China Association of Science and Technology, Award for Outstanding Young Scientists, 1994
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences, Natural Science Award, 1993
  • Chinese Geological Society, Gold Hammer Award for Outstanding Young Scientists, 1993

Supported Projects:

Completed R&D Projects

  • National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) Grants:
    1) Isotopes of geothermal waters in Southeast China
    2) Modeling water-rock interactions in geothermal systems
    3) Water cycle study of typical catchments in Tianshan forelands
    4) Transport and Transformation of nitrates in the unsaturated zone
  • Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MOST) Grants:
    1) Geothermal reservoir engineering technology (Gongguan Program)
    2) Geo-temperature field in deep coal mines (Basic Research 973 Program)
    3) CO2 sequestration technology (High-Tech Research 863 Program)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Grants:
    1) Xinjiang water cycle study at the catchments scale (Knowledge Innovation program)
    2) Changes in water cycle in Songhuajiang-Lenjiang catchments in Northeast China (Knowledge Innovation project clusters, serves on the top-level expert panel)
    3) Integrated use of groundwater and surface water in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Advisory program of Academicians, Served as secretary)
    4) Groundwater changes in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Province (Advisory program of Academicians, served as secretary)
    5) Use of CO2 to improve injectivity of sandstone reservoirs (Special fund for Tianjin city)
  • China Geological Survey (CGS) Grants:
    1) Isotope study of groundwater pollution in Luanhe catchments
  • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Grants:
    1) Isotope study of saline geothermal waters in Eastern China (Research Contract)
    2) Isotope Study of nutrients transport and transformation processes in wetlands (Research Contract)
    3) Application of isotope techniques in groundwater resources management in China (IAEA Technical Cooperation Reserve Fund)
    4) Isotope study of Acidic geothermal waters (Coordinated research project, served as scientific secretary)
    5) Geothermal resources management and reservoir engineering in AfricaAsia and Latin America (Technical Cooperation Program of the IAEA, served as technical officer)
    6) Isotope study on groundwater/surface water interactions in Heihe catchments, NW China (same as above)
    7) Isotope study of groundwater in Erdos basin (same as above)
    8) Guidelines for hydrological applications of isotope techniques in China (same as above)
    9) National Representative for China, IAEA's Water Resources Program for Asia & the Pacific region,2010-now

Selected Publication:


  1. Gu, W. & Pang, al. (eds.),, Isotope Hydrology, Science Press,Beijing, 1112 pp (in Chinese)
  2. Pang Z., Armmannson, H. (eds.), 2006, Analytical Procedures and Quality Assurance of Geothermal Water Chemistry, 2006, United Nations University Geothermal Training Program, Reykjavik, 200pp.
  3. Pang, Z., 2005 (ed.), Use of isotopes to trace the origin of acidic fluids in geothermal systems, International Atomic Energy Agency, TECDOC (Technical Document), Vienna, 270pp.
  4. Thereska, J., & Pang, Z., 2004 (eds.), Application of radiotracers in industry-a guidebook, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Technical Report, Vienna, 281pp.
  5. Pang Z., Zhang, J. And Sun, J. (eds.), 1996, Advances in Solid Earth Sciences(Contributions of Chinese Young Scientists to the 30th International Geological Congress, Beijing, China), Science Press,Beijing and New York, 209 pp.
  6. Wang J., Xiong, L., Pang, Z.(eds.), 1993, Low to Medium Temperature Geothermal Systems of Convective Type, Science Press, Beijing, 260pp. (in Chinese)


  1. Pang Zhonghe*, Yuan Lijuan, Huang Tianming, Kong Yanlong, Liu Jilai, Li Yiman. Impacts of Human Activities on the Occurrence of Groundwater Nitrate in an Alluvial Plain: A Multiple Isotopic Tracers Approach. Journal of Earth Science 24(1) (2013) xx-xx.
  2. Yang Fengtian, Pang Zhonghe*, Lin Li, Zhang Fengna, Duan Zhongfeng, Zong Zhenhai. Hydrogeochemical and isotopic evidence for trans-formational flow in a sedimentary basin: Implications for CO2 storage. Applied Geochemistry 28 (2013) xx-xx.
  3. Kong Yanlong, Pang Zhonghe*, Froehlich Klaus. Quantifying recycled moisture fraction in precipitation of an arid region using deuterium excess. Tellus B (2013) DOI: 10.3402/tellusb.v65i0.19251.
  4. Huang Tianming, Pang Zhonghe*, Edmunds Mike. Soil profile evolution following land-use change: implications for groundwater quantity and quality. Hydrological Processes (2013) DOI: 10.1002/hyp.9302
  5. Huang Tianming, Pang Zhonghe*, Yuan Lijuan. Nitrate in groundwater and the unsaturated zone in (semi)arid northern China: baseline and factors controlling its transport and fate. Environmental Earth Sciences (2013) DOI: 10.1007/s12665-012-2111-3.
  6. Pang Zhonghe*, Li Yiman, Yang Fengtian, Duan Zhongfeng. Geochemistry of a continental saline aquifer for CO2 sequestration: The Guantao formation in the Bohai Bay Basin, North China. Applied Geochemistry 27 (2012) 1821-1828.
  7. Yuan Lijuan, Pang Zhonghe*, Huang Tianming. Integrated assessment on groundwater nitrate by unsaturated zone probing and aquifer sampling with environmental tracers. Environmental Pollution 171 (2012) 226-233.
  8. Kong Yanlong, Pang Zhonghe*. Evaluating the sensitivity of glacier rivers to climate change based on hydrograph separation of discharge. Journal of Hydrology 434-435 (2012) 121-129.
  9. Huang Tianming, Pang Zhonghe*. The role of deuterium excess in determining the water salinisation mechanism: a case study of the arid Tarim River Basin, NW China. Applied Geochemistry 27 (2012) 2382-2388.
  10. Pang Z, Kong Y, Froehlich K, Huang T, Yuan L, Li Z, Wang F., 2011, Processes affecting isotopes in precipitation of an arid region. Tellus B. 63(3):352-359
  11. Huang, T., Pang, Z.*, 2011, Estimating groundwater recharge following land-use change using chloride mass balance of soil profiles: A case study at Guyuan and Xifeng in the Loess Plateau of China. Hydrogeology Journal,2011, 19: 177-186.
  12. Duan Z., and Pang, Z.*,Wang X., 2011, Sustainability evaluation of limestone geothermal reservoirs with extended production histories in Beijing and Tianjin, China, Geothermics, 40: 125-135
  13. Pang,Z., Yang,F., Yuan, L., Li,Y. 2011,Geothermal manifestations and reservoir temperature estimate of Taxian Basin, Xinjiang Ugur,Georeview,57(1):86-88
  14. Kong, Y., and Pang, Z., 2011, Isotope hydrograph separation in alpine catchments: a review,Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 3(1): 0086–0091
  15. Wang J. and Pang, Z.,2011. Comparison Between Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste in China. in:F.L. Toth (ed.), Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: A Comparative Assessment, Advances in Global Change Research 44, DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-8712-6_17, International Atomic Energy Agency
  16. Pang,Z.,Isotopes in geothermal waters,in:Gu & Pang (eds.),2011,Isotope Hydrology,Science Press, Beijing, pp576-590
  17. Pang Z., Huang, T., Kong,Y.,2011,Use of isotopes in assessing the response of groundwater to cross-catchment water diversion in Tarim Basin, Proc. of the International Symposium on Isotopes in Hydrology, Marine Ecosystems and Climate Change Studies, Abstract, IAEA-CN-186, 27 March-1 April, 2011, Monaco, 132-133
  18. Pang, Z.*, Huang, T., Chen, Y., 2010, Diminished groundwater recharge and circulation relative to degrading riparian vegetation in the middle Tarim River, Hydrological Processes, 24:145-157.
  19. Huang, T., Pang, Z.*, 2010, Changes in groundwater induced by water diversion in the Lower Tarim River, Xinjiang Uygur, NW China: Evidence from environmental isotopes and water chemistry. Journal of Hydrology. 387: 188-201.
  20. Pang, Z., Yang, F., Duan, Z., Li, Y., 2010, Integrated Geological sequestration and geothermal development: a case study of the Beitang Depression, North China Basin, China. Proc. of the 13th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (ISTP),Guanajuato, Mexico, Plenary Keynote Lecture. 31-36.
  21. Li, Y., Pang, Z.*, Duan, Z., Yang, F., 2010, Modeling the geochemical response of CO2 injection into the Guantao Formation, North China Basin, Proc. of the 13th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (ISTP), Guanajuato, Mexico, 875-878.
  22. Pang Z., Yang F., Huang T., Duan Z., 2010, Genesis Analysis of Geothermal Systems in Guanzhong Basin of China with Implications on Sustainable Geothermal Resources Development. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010.
  23. Javino, F., Suratman, S., Pang, Z., 2010, Isotope and Geochemical investigations on Tawau Hot Springs in Sabah, Malaysia, Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010.
  24. Pang, Z., Kong, Y., 2010, Evaluating the sensitivity of water systems to climate change using isotope hydrograph separation, Proc. Of CAS-TWAS-WMO Forum 2010,Beijing, 17-20 November, 46, abstract
  25. Kong, Y. and Pang, Z., 2010, A method for hydrograph separation using inequality systems with hydrological and geochemical data as constraints,Proc. of 2010 IAHS-PUBs, 46, Beijing, abstract
  26. Huang, T., Pang, Z., 2010, Changes in groundwater induced by water diversion in the Lower Tarim River, Xinjiang Uygur, NW China: Evidence from environmental isotopes and water chemistry. Journal of Hydrology, 387: 188–201.
  27. Pang, Z., Huang, T., Chen, Y., 2010, Diminished groundwater recharge and circulation relative to degrading riparian vegetation in the middle Tarim River, Hydrological Processes, 24:145-157.
  28. Chen, Y., Pang, Z., Chen, Y., et al., 2008, Response of riparian vegetation to groundwater table changes in the lower reaches of Tarim River, Xinjiang, China, Hydrogeology Journal, 22,4214-4221.
  29. Chen, Y., Pang, Z., et al., 2008, Periodical changes of surface runoff in the last 40 years in Tarim River Basin, Hydrological Processes, 16,1371-1379.
  30. Pang, Z., 2006, pH dependent isotope variations in arc-type geothermal fluids: new insights into their origins, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 89, 306-308.
  31. Bahati, G., Pang, Z., Armannsson, A., Isabirye, E., Kato, V., 2005, Hydrology and reservoir characteriscs of three geothermal systems in western Uganda, Geothermics, 34, 568-591.
  32. Aguilera E., Cioni R., Gherardi F., Magro G., Marini L. and Pang Z., 2005, Chemical and isotope characteristics of the Chachimbiro geothermal fluids, Ecuador, Geothermics,34, 495-517.
  33. Qin D., J. V. Turner, Pang Z., 2005, Hydrogeochemistry and groundwater circulation in the Xi’an geothermal field, China, Geothermics 34, 471-494.
  34. Pang, Z., & A. H. Truesdell (Guest Editors), 2005, Preface to the set of papers on “Isotope and Hydrochemical Techniques Applied to Geothermal Systems” Geothermics 34, 440–441.
  35. Pang, Z. 2001,Chemical and isotope geothermometry and applications, Sciences in China, Vol. 44 Supp., 16-20.
  36. Han, L., Pang, Z., and Groening, M. (2001). Study of groundwater mixing using CFC data. Sciences in China, Vol. 44 Supp., 21-28.
  37. Pang, Z. And Reed, M., 1998, Theoretical chemical geothermometry on geothermal waters: Problems and methods, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 62, 6, 1083-1091.
  38. Pang, Z., Wang, J. and Fan, Z., 1990, Calculation of the reservoir temperature of Zhangzhou Geothermal Field using a SiO2 mixing model, Chinese Science Bulletin, Vol. 35, No. 16, pp 1360-1363.
  39. Pang, Z, Wang, J,, Zhao P, and Jin J,, 1995, Saline thermal waters from geothermal systems in the granite terrain (Zhangzhou Geothermal system and surroundings, southeast of China)-- 1. Origin and recharge of the thermal water traced by oxygen and hydrogen isotopes, Geothermal Science & Technology, Vol. 4, No.4, 273-286.
  40. Pang, Z.,2008,Advances in isotope hydrology and geochemistry for geothermal reservoir management through international cooperation, Proc. of International Workshop for Decision Makers on Direct Heating Use of Geothermal Resources in Asia, organized by UNU-GTP, TBLRREM and TBGMED, in Tianjin, China, 11-18 May, 2008, P494-499 .
  41. Pang Z, Huang T, Chen Y (2008) Assessing the Effectiveness of the Diverted Ecological Flow to the Lower Tarim River, Xinjiang Uygur, China Using Isotopes. 36th IAH Congress, Toyama, Japan. Oct. 26 to Nov 1, 2008: 333-334.
  42. Pang Z, Yang F, Duan Z and Huang T (2008) Gas-water-rock interactions in sandstone reservoirs: implications for enhance re-injection into geothermal reservoirs and CO2 geological sequestration. Presented at the Workshop for Decision Makers on Direct Heating Use of Geothermal Resources in Asia, organized by UNU-GTP, TBLRREM and TBGMED, in Tianjin, China, 11-18 May, 2008.214-218.
  43. Pang,Z., Yang,F., Duan, Z.,2008,State of the art and outlook of geological sequestration of CO2,A keynote paper for the second congress of the nationa commission on geological disposal of waste,2008, P479-492
  44. Pang, Z., 2008,Water-rock interaction and sustainable development of geothermal resources in Guanzhong Basin, Proc. of National forum on scientific development of geothermal resources in China, Xianyang,2008,P19-20 (Abstract).
  45. Huang T, Pang Z, Ma J (2007) Groundwater Recharge Sequence in Badain Jaran Desert as Related to Oasis Ecology: Reassessment of Environmental Tracers. Proceeding Abstracts of IAH35th, Lisbon, p86, ID. 421.
  46. Qian, Y. Pang, Z. Qin D. Turner J. and A. Herzceg, 2005, Isotope composition of base flow and surface runoff in the Black River of northwestern China, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 7, 10760, European Geosciences Union
  47. Pang, Z, 2005, Origin of sulfur compounds and application of isotope geothermometry in selected geothermal systems of China, in: Pang, Z., 2005 (ed.), Use of isotopes to trace the origin of acidic fluids in geothermal systems, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria, 270pp.
  48. Pang, Z., 2005, Isotope techniques and geothermal resources management, Proc. of World Geothermal Congress 2005, Antalya, Turkey
  49. Pang, Z., 2000,Isotope geochemistry of geothermal waters in northern North China Basin: implications on deep fluid migration, Proc. of World Geothermal Congress 2000, Tokyo, Japan, 1559-1564.
  50. Pang, Z., 1999, Whole system chemical geothermometry: a technical review, In: Water & Environment News, International Atomic Energy Agency,No. 6, 10-12, ISSN 1020 7120.
  51. Pang, Z. Gourcy, L., Araguas, L., and Froehlich, K., 1998, Global Network for Isotopes in Precipitation: a program review, In: Water & Environment News, No. 4, 1998, ISSN 1020 7120.
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