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Associate Professor
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LI Guozhu
Highest Education  
Subject Categories  
  Space Physics
Zip Code  
  gzlee [at]
  No. 19, Beitucheng western road, Chaoyang district, 100029, Beijing, China

Education and Appointments:

Dr. Guozhu Li (in simplified Chinese李 国主, traditional Chinese李 國主), born in Sep. 1980, in Hunan Province, China.

  • 2017 - present, in charge of Space Environment Observatory and Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
  • 2015 - present, Professor of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS
  • 2010 - 2014, Associate professor of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS
  • 2007 - 2009, Post-doctor, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS
  • 2007, Ph.D., Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, CAS
  • 2002, B.S., Wuhan University

In 2010, 2011, 2015 and 2017, short-term visiting to National Central University, The University of Adelaide, Nagoya University, and Leibniz-Institute of Atmospheric Physics.

ResearcherID: D-4322-2009

Research Interests:

My research is primarily concerned with the plasma density irregularity in the Earth's atmosphere (low-latitude ionospheric D, E, valley and F region irregularities, plasma bubble irregularity and its associated ionospheric scintillation, meteor and meteor trail irregularity), meteor astronomy, radar and optical remote sensing techniques.
Under the support of Chinese Academy of Sciences and NSF of China, some instruments (e.g., GNSS scintillation/TEC receivers, DPS4d and portable digital ionosonde, VHF radar, all-sky meteor radar) used for plasma density irregularity and meteor observations have been developed and deployed at our field stations, e.g., Ledong (18.4N, 109E), Sanya (18.3N, 109.6E), Guilin (25.2N, 110.2E), Wuhan (30.5N, 114.3E), Beijing (40.3N, 116.2E) and Mohe (53.5N, 122.3E) in recent years. To get a better understanding of regional occurrence characteristics of ionospheric irregularities, and of meteoroids entering the Earth’s atmosphere, we are building an ionospheric observation network (IONISE), a meteor and ionospheric irregularity observation system (MIOS) in Southern China and adjacent regions. If you are interested in scientific cooperation in the study of ionosphere and meteor astronomy, or data request, please contact gzlee [at]
If you want to know more about the ionosphere, meteor and its parent meteoroid, join us. Our research group is actively recruiting postdoctoral research associate, and international and domestic students. I am especially interested in students who have a background in physics and mathematics, astronomy, electrical/optical engineering, and wish to pursue research in ionosphere and meteor astronomy.

Public Services:

  • 2013, URSI AP-RASC'13 Young Scientist Award
  • 2014, URSI GASS 2014 Young Scientist Award
  • 2019, Zhao Jiuzhang Outstanding Young Science Award

Supported Projects:
  • 2021, Major International Joint Research Project of NSF of China (CNY 2.57 million), PI
  • 2018, Major scientific instrument development of NSF of China (CNY 8.19 million), PI
  • 2015, Excellent Youth Fund of NSF of China (CNY 1 million), PI
  • 2015, International collaborative research program of ISEE, Nagoya University (JPY 0.75 million), PI
  • 2014, NSF of China (CNY 0.8 million), PI
  • 2012, NSF of China (CNY 0.8 million), PI
  • 2010, Youth Fund of National Natural Science Foundation (NSF) of China (CNY 0.2 million), PI


(first-author or corresponding author* publications, updated on January, 2021)

41. Hu, L., Lei, J., Sun, W., Zhao, X., Wu, B., Xie, H., Yang, S., Wu, Z., Zheng, J., Ning, B., Ding, F., and Li, G.*, Latitudinal variations of daytime periodic ionospheric disturbances from Beidou GEO TEC observations over China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2020JA028809., 2021.

40. Sun, W., Zhao, X., Hu, L., Yang, S., Xie, H., Chang, S., Ning, B., Li, J., Liu, L., and Li, G.*, Morphological characteristics of thousand-kilometer-scale Es structures over China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126,, 2021.

39. Li, G.*, Ning, B., Otsuka, Y., Abdu, M.A., Abadi, P., Liu, Z., Spogli, L., and Wan, W., Challenges to Equatorial Plasma Bubble and Ionospheric Scintillation Short-Term Forecasting and Future Aspects in East and Southeast Asia. Surv Geophys., 2021. (review article).

38. Zhao, X., Xie, H., Hu, L. Sun, W., Hao, X., Ning, B., Takahashi, H., and Li, G.*, Climatology of equatorial and low-latitude F region kilometer-scale irregularities over the meridian circle around 120°E/60°W. GPS Solut., 25, 20,, 2021.

37. Ajith, K. K.*, Li, G.*, Tulasi Ram, S., Yamamoto, M., Hozumi, K., Abadi, P., and Xie, H., On the seeding of periodic equatorial plasma bubbles by gravity waves associated with tropical cyclone: A case study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2020JA028003., 2020.

36. Xie, H., Yang, S., Zhao, X., Hu, L., Sun, W., Wu, Z., Ning, B., Liu, L., and Li, G.*, Unexpected high occurrence of daytime F-region backscatter plume structures over low latitude Sanya and their possible origin. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090517., 2020.

35. Hu, L., Zhao, X., Sun, W., Wu, Z., Zheng, J., Xie, H., Huang, Z., Ning, B., and Li, G.*, Statistical characteristics and correlation of low-latitude F region bottom-type irregularity layers and plasma plumes over Sanya. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027855., 2020.

34. Sun, W., Wu, B., Wu, Z., Hu, L., Zhao, X., Zheng, J., Xie, H., Yang, S., Ning, B., and Li, G.*, IONISE: An ionospheric observational network for irregularity and scintillation in East and Southeast Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2020JA028055., 2020.

33. Xie, H., Li, G.*, Zhao, X., Ding, F., Yan, C., Yang, G., and Ning, B., Coupling between E region quasi-periodic echoes and F region medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances at low latitudes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123., 2020.

32. Li, G.*, Ning, B., Zhao, X., Sun, W., Hu, L., Xie, H., et al., Low latitude ionospheric TEC oscillations associated with periodic changes in IMF Bz polarity. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 9379–9387., 2019.

31. Wang, Y., Li, G.*, Ning, B., Yang, S., Sun, W., Yu, Y., All-sky interferometric meteor radar observations of zonal structure and drifts of low latitude ionospheric E region irregularities, Earth and Space Science, 6,, 2019.

30. Xie, H., Li, G.*, Ning, B., Reid, I., Hu, L., Wu, B., Yu, Y., and Yang, S., The possibility of using all-sky meteor radar to observe ionospheric E-region field-aligned irregularities, Sci China Tech Sci, 62,, 2019.

29. Liu, K., Li, G.*, Ning, B., Possible evidence for small-scale wave seeding of equatorial plasma bubbles, Advances in Space Research, 63, 3612-3620,, 2019.

28. Li, G.*, Baiqi Ning, Chi Wang, Abdu, M. A., Otsuka, Y., Yamamoto, M., Jian Wu, Jinsong Chen. Storm-enhanced development of postsunset equatorial plasma bubbles around the meridian 120°E/60°W on 7–8 September 2017. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123., 2018.

27. Li, G.*, Baiqi Ning, M. Abdu, Chi Wang, Y. Otsuka, Weixing Wan, Jiuhou Lei, M. Nishioka, T. Tsugawa, Lianhuan Hu, Guotao Yang, Chunxiao Yan, Daytime F-region irregularity triggered by rocket-induced ionospheric hole over low latitude, Progress in Earth and Planetary Science,, 2018.

26. Xie, H., Li, G.*, et al., Statistical study on the occurrences of postsunset ionospheric E, valley, and F region irregularities and their correlations over low-latitude Sanya. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123., 2018.

25. Li, G.*, B. Ning, A. Li, S. Yang, X. Zhao, B. Zhao, and W. Wan, First results of optical meteor and meteor trail irregularity from simultaneous Sanya radar and video observations, Earth and Planetary Physics. doi: 10.26464/epp2018002, 2018.

24.  J. Lan, B. Ning, Li, G.*, Zhu, Z., Hu, L., Sun, W., Observation of short-period ionospheric disturbances using a portable digital ionosonde at Sanya, Radio Science, 2018, 53.

23.  Li, G., B. Ning, M. A. Abdu, W. Wan, C. Wang, G. Yang, K. Liu, L. Liu, and C. Yan, First observation of presunset ionospheric F region bottomtype scattering layer, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 3788–3797, doi:10.1002/2016JA023647, 2017.

22. Li, G., Y. Otsuka, B. Ning, M. A. Abdu, M. Yamamoto, W. Wan, L. Liu, and P. Abadi, Enhanced ionospheric plasma bubble generation in more active ITCZ, Geophys. Res. Lett, doi: 10.1002/2016GL068145, 2016.

21. Li, G., B. Ning, L. Liu, M. A. Abdu, W. Wan, and L. Hu, Shear in the zonal drifts of 3-m irregularities inside spread-F plumes observed over Sanya, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021497, 2015.

20. Li, G., B. Ning, Y.-H. Chu, I. M. Reid, L. Hu, B. K. Dolman, J. Xiong, G.. Jiang, G. Yang, and C. Yan, Structural evolution of long-duration meteor trail irregularities driven by neutral wind, J. Geophys. Res., doi: 10.1002/2014JA020116, 2014.

19.  Li, G., B. Ning, W. Wan, I. M. Reid, L. Hu, X. Yue, J. P. Younger, and B. K. Dolman, Observational evidence of high altitude meteor trail from radar interferometer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL061478, 2014.

18.  Li, G., B. Ning, and L. Hu, Interferometry observations of low-latitude E-region irregularity patches using the Sanya VHF radar. Sci China Tech Sci, 57: 1552-1561, doi: 10.1007/s11431-014-5592-3, 2014.

17.  Li, G., B. Ning, A. K. Patra, M. A. Abdu, J. S. Chen, L. Liu and L. Hu, On the linkage of daytime 150-km echoes and abnormal intermediate layer traces over Sanya, J. Geophys. Res., DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019462, 2013.

16.  Li, G., B. Ning, M. A. Abdu, Y. Otsuka, T. Yokoyama, M. Yamamoto, and L. Liu, Longitudinal characteristics of spread F backscatter plumes observed with the EAR and Sanya VHF radar in Southeast Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50581, 2013.

15.  Li, G., NING Bai-Qi, HU Lian-Huan, LI Ming. Observations on the field-aligned irregularities using Sanya VHF radar:2. Low latitude Ionospheric E-region quasi-periodic echoes in the East Asian sector. Chinese Journal Geophysics (in Chinese), 56(7): 2141-2151,doi: 10.6038/cjg20130701, 2013.

14.  Li, G., B. Ning, M. A. Abdu, W. Wan, and L. Hu, Precursor signatures and evolution of post-sunset equatorial spread-F observed over Sanya, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08321, doi:10.1029/2012JA017820, 2012.

13.  Li, G., B. Ning, L. Liu, W. Wan, L. Hu, B. Zhao, and A.K. Patra, Equinoctial and June solstitical F-region irregularities over Sanya, Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics (Special Issue), 41(2), 184-198, 2012.

12.  Li, G., B. Ning, L. Hu, Y.-H. Chu, I. M. Reid, and B. Dolman, A comparison of lower thermospheric winds derived from range spread and specular meteor trail echoes, J. Geophys.Res., 117, A03310,doi:10.1029/2011JA016847, 2012.

11.  Li, G., B. Ning, A. K. Patra, W. Wan, and L. Hu, Investigation of low-latitude E- and valley- region irregularities: their relationship to equatorial plasma bubble bifurcation, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A11319,doi:10.1029/2011JA016895, 2011.

10.  Li, G., B. Ning, M. A. Abdu, X. Yue, L. Liu, W. Wan, and L. Hu, On the occurrence of postmidnight equatorial F region irregularities during the June solstice, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A04318, doi:10.1029/2010JA016056, 2011.

9.  Li, G., B. Ning, L. Hu, L. Liu, X. Yue, W. Wan, B. Zhao, K. Igarashi, M. Kubota, Y. Otsuka, J. S. Xu, and J. Y. Liu, Longitudinal development of low-latitude ionospheric irregularities during the geomagnetic storms of July 2004, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A04304, doi:10.1029/2009JA014830,2010.

8.  Li, G., B. Ning, Z. Ren, and L. Hu, Statistics of GPS ionospheric scintillation and irregularity over polar regions at solar minimum, GPS Solutions, doi:10.1007/s10291-009-0156-x, 2010.

7.  Li, G., B. Ning, B. Zhao, L. Liu, W. Wan, F. Ding, J. S. Xu, J. Y. Liu, and K. Yumoto, Characterizing the 10 November 2004 storm-time middle-latitude plasma bubble event in Southeast Asia using multi-instrument observations, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A07304, doi:10.1029/2009JA014057, 2009.

6.  Li, G., B. Ning, L. Liu, W. Wan, and J.Y. Liu, Effect of magnetic activity on plasma bubbles over equatorial and low-latitude regions in East Asia, Annales Geophysicae, 27, 303-312, 2009.

5.  Li, G., B. Ning, L. Liu, B. Zhao, X. Yue, S.-Y. Su, and S. Venkatraman, Correlative study of plasma bubbles, evening equatorial ionization anomaly and equatorial pre-reversal E×B drifts at solar maximum, Radio Sci., 43, doi:10.1029/2007RS003760, 2008.

4.  Li, G., B. Ning, B. Zhao, L. Liu, J. Y. Liu, and K. Yumoto, Effects of geomagnetic storm on GPS ionospheric scintillations at Sanya, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 70 (7), 1034-1045, 2008.

3.  Li, G., B. Ning, L. Liu, Z. Ren, J. Lei, and S.-Y. Su, The correlation of longitudinal/seasonal variations of evening equatorial pre-reversal drift and of plasma bubbles, Annales Geophysicae, 25, 2571-2578, 2007.

2.  Li, G., Ning, B., and Yuan, H., Analysis of ionospheric scintillation spectra and TEC in the Chinese low latitude region, Earth Planets Space, 59(4), 279-285, 2007.

1.  Li, G., Ning, B., Wan, W., and Zhao, B., Observations of GPS ionospheric scintillations over Wuhan during geomagnetic storms, Annales Geophysicae, 24, 1581-1590, 2006.

No. 19, Beitucheng Xilu, Chaoyang District, 100029, Beijing, PR China
Tel:010-82998001 Fax:010-62010846